Tiny homes have become increasingly popular due to affordability, sustainability, minimalism, the potential to tackle homelessness, and mobility. However, one question frequently arises in the tiny house community is whether these homes can have basements. This post will explore the possibility of building a tiny house with a basement (as opposed to anchored), including cost considerations, building codes, alternatives, and real-life experiences.
Building on a Foundation
Before we dive into whether tiny homes can have basements, it’s essential to understand the different types of foundations on that tiny homes can be built. The four most common types of foundations are slab, crawlspace, basement, and pier. Each type has advantages and disadvantages, and it’s essential to consider these before deciding which one to use for your tiny home.
Cost is one of the most significant considerations when building a tiny house with a basement. Basements are more expensive to build than other types of foundations, and the cost can vary significantly depending on the size and complexity of the basement. However, having a basement can also increase the value of your home and provide additional living space.
Building Codes for Basements
Another critical consideration is building codes. Building codes vary by state and municipality, and it’s essential to research these codes before building your tiny house. Some areas may not allow basements in tiny homes or require specific safety features or materials. It’s essential to ensure that your tiny house meets all local building codes to avoid potential fines or legal issues.
Tiny House Basement Alternatives
If building a basement for your tiny home is not feasible, other alternatives exist.
Here are a few options:
A carriage house is a detached building typically used for storage or as a garage. However, it can also be used as a living space, making it an excellent alternative to a basement.
A cellar is similar to a basement but is typically used for storage, not living space. However, it can still provide additional space for your tiny home.
Detachable Extra Trailer Tiny House
Another alternative is to build an extra detachable trailer that can be used for storage or as additional living space. This option allows you to add space to your tiny home without the cost of building a basement.
Factors to Consider Before Building a Tiny House with Basement
Before deciding to build a tiny house with a basement, there are several factors you should consider. These include:
- Mobility: Having a basement may be impossible if you plan to move your tiny home frequently.
- Cost: As mentioned earlier, building a basement can be expensive, and it’s essential to consider the added cost before deciding.
- Building Codes: Ensure your tiny house meets all local building codes and regulations to avoid legal issues.
Pros and Cons of Adding a Basement to a Tiny House
Benefits of Adding a Basement
- Increased living space
- Increased property value
- Additional storage space
Drawbacks of Adding a Basement
- Additional cost
- Potential mobility issues
- Potential legal issues
Cost of Building a Basement in a Tiny House
The cost of building a basement in a tiny house can vary significantly depending on the size, materials used, and complexity of the basement. However, on average, a basement can cost anywhere from $15,000 to $35,000.
How Tiny Houses Can Have Basements and Crawl Spaces
When it comes to tiny houses, space is at a premium. How can you add a basement or crawl space to your tiny home without sacrificing much living space? Here are some options:
While uncommon, tiny homes can be built with basements like traditional homes. However, building a basement in a tiny home requires careful planning and execution. Here are some things to consider:
- Size: The size of the basement will depend on the size of the tiny home. Keep in mind that adding a basement will increase the overall height of the home, which can impact mobility if you plan on traveling with your tiny home.
- Access: The location and design of the stairs leading down to the basement are critical. Consider how you will use the space and how often you will need to access it. Ensuring the stairs are safe and easy to navigate is also essential.
- Building Codes: As with any construction project, building a basement in a tiny home must comply with local building codes. Be sure to check with your local authorities to ensure that your plans comply.
Crawl spaces are a more common option for tiny homes as they provide a space for utilities like HVAC and plumbing while allowing easy access. Here are some things to consider:
- Size: The size of the crawl space will depend on the size of the tiny home. However, it’s important to remember that crawl spaces can take up valuable living space, so it’s essential to design the space efficiently.
- Access: Like basements, the location and design of the access point to the crawl space are crucial. Consider how often you need to access the space and how you will get there.
- Crawl Spaces for THOWs: Crawl spaces for tiny homes on wheels (THOWs) are designed to be more mobile than traditional crawl spaces. They typically use skirting to cover the space while allowing easy access.
Real-Life Experiences of Having a Basement in a Tiny House
While basements are not as common in tiny homes, some homeowners have included them in their builds. For example, some tiny homeowners have used basements to maximize storage space or create a home office. However, it’s essential to carefully consider the additional costs and logistics of building a basement in a tiny home before committing to the project.
Here is a Video of a Tiny House with a Basement:
Why Most Tiny Houses Do Not Have Basements?
Despite the advantages of having a basement in a tiny home, most tiny homes don’t have them. Here are some reasons why:
- Cost: Adding a basement to a tiny home can be expensive, and using the space above ground is often more cost-effective.
- Building Difficulty: Building a basement in a tiny home requires careful planning and execution. It’s not an easy DIY project and may require the help of professionals.
- Permits: Obtaining the necessary permits for a basement can be a complicated process. The permits required may vary depending on the location and size of the tiny home.
Example Tiny House Basements
While not typical, some tiny homeowners have successfully incorporated basements into their builds. For example, a tiny home built in Massachusetts includes a full basement with a bathroom, laundry room, sewage system, and storage space. Another tiny home built in Texas includes a basement with a wine cellar, plumbing system, and storage area.
Here is Another Video of a Tiny Home with a Basement:
Advantages of Tiny Houses on Foundations
While THOWs are popular among tiny home enthusiasts, there are many advantages to building a tiny home on a foundation, including:
- Owning Your Land: Building a tiny home on a foundation allows you to own the land it’s on, giving you more control over your living situation.
- Property Appreciation: A tiny home on a foundation can increase the value of your property over time.
- Easier Loan Acquisition: Banks are more likely to offer loans for tiny homes on foundations because they are viewed as less risky than THOWs.
Different Types of Tiny Homes on Foundations
There are several types of foundations that tiny homes can be built on, including:
A slab foundation is a single layer of concrete poured directly onto the ground. It’s a popular option for tiny homes because it’s relatively inexpensive and easy to install.
A crawlspace foundation is a raised foundation that provides easy access to utilities like plumbing and HVAC. It’s a popular option for tiny homes because it allows easy maintenance and repairs.
A basement foundation is a complete foundation that includes a basement level. It’s a more expensive option but provides additional living space and storage.
A pier foundation is a series of concrete or wood columns that support the weight of the home. It’s a popular option for THOWs because it’s lightweight and easily movable.
Steps Toward Getting Your Tiny House on a Foundation
If you’re considering building a tiny home on a foundation, here are the following steps to take:
- Laws and Regulations for Tiny Houses on Foundations: Check with your local authorities to determine the laws and regulations for building a tiny home on a foundation in your area.
- Building Codes: Familiarize yourself with the building codes for your tiny home build.
- Zoning Codes: Determine the zoning codes that apply to your desired location to ensure your tiny home is compliant.
Wrapping It Up: Is a Tiny House Basement Worth It?
Whether or not a tiny house basement is worth it depends on your specific needs and preferences. While a basement can provide valuable storage and additional living space, it also comes with added costs and potential challenges.
Before deciding whether to include a basement in your tiny house plans, it’s important to carefully consider factors such as budget, zoning laws, and construction logistics. Ultimately, with the right planning and preparation, a tiny basement can be a valuable addition to your home, providing extra space and storage for years.